Fruit Trees

APPLE (Malus)

Haralred

Haralred

Bloom time: Late Season

Ripens: October 1
Zone 3

This is a red selection of the Haralson apple, and is redder and earlier than the standard Haralson. It is favored as a juicy, tart, firm, good keeper. Hardy and fireblight resistant.

Hazen

Hazen

Bloom Time: Early Season

Ripens: August 30
Zone 3

Fruit large and dark red. Flesh green-yellow and juicy. Flavor is sweet but mild, pleasant for eating, cooking, and as a dessert apple. An annual bearer. A natural semi-dwarf growing to about 10 to15 feet in height. Short storage life.

Honeycrisp

Honeycrisp

Bloom Time: Mid-Season

Ripens: September 25
Zone 4 (trial in Zone 3)

A new apple that is exceptionally crisp and juicy. Flavor is sweet, but well-balanced. Excellent storage life is up to 7 months. Has been rated equal to or higher in overall quality than other varieties. Has become an outstanding commercial and home orchard variety because of its explosive crispness, flavor and storage life.

Sweet Sixteen

Sweet Sixteen

Bloom Time: Mid-Season

Ripens: September 21
Zone 4

A medium-sized red striped apple with crisp, juicy texture. Excellent sweet, unusual flavor, like cherry candy. Outstanding dessert apple. Fireblight resistant. Can be slow to come into bearing.

Zestar

Zestar

Bloom time: Early Season

Ripens: August 27
Zone 4 (trial in Zone 3)

A crisp and juicy apple known for its excellent tart flavor. Has a much longer storage life than other early apples. Excellent for fresh eating and cooking.

Note:
Apples, generally not self-fertile, need two varieties to be productive. An early apple requires an early or mid-season apple. A late season apple requires a late or a mid-season apple. In order to cross pollinate, trees should be planted at least within 100 feet of each other.

CRABAPPLES (Malus)

Chestnut

Chestnut

Bloom time: Early- mid Season

Ripens: Late August
Zone 3

University of MN. Originated in 1946 as an open pollinated seedling of Malinda. Pleasant nut-like flavor. Large crabapple. (2" diameter). Outstanding flavor and good flavor and good texture for fresh eating. Medium storage life.

APRICOT (Prunus)

Moongold

Moongold

Ripens: Late July

Fruit type: Clingstone
Zone 4

Light orange color. Flavor is sweet, but with a slight acidity. Blooms 3rd week of April. Ripens before Sungold. Fruit is 1.75" and hangs on tree until ripe. Height 10-15.


Sungold recommended as a pollinator.

Sungold

Sungold

Ripens: Early August

Fruit Type: Freestone
Zone 4

Bright clear gold, 1.25" fruit that hangs on tree until ripe. Flavor is mild and sweet. Eating quality is good; sauce fair to good; jam very good. Late variety. Upright habit and growth. Blooms 3rd week of April. Released by the Univ. of MN.

Use Moongold as a pollinator.

CHERRY (Prunus)

Evans Bali

Evans Bali

Ripens: August

Fruit Type: Sour
Zone 3

Deep, dark red fruit 1" diameter and excellent for baking and fresh eating. The fruit is much sweeter than other sour cherries. Extremely hardy buds.

(Self-fertile)

North Star

North Star

Ripens: Late June

Fruit Type: Sour
Zone 4

Genetic dwarf introduced by the University of MN in 1950. Red fruit with a small stone. Very productive. A sour pie cherry. Blooms approximately May 9th. Height 8-10 ft.

(Self-fertile)

PEACH (Prunus)

Contender

Contender

Ripens: Mid-August

Fruit Type: Freestone
Zone 4

A freestone peach blooming in early May. Extra juicy fruit. Good for eating, canning, baking and freezing. Height 12-15 ft.

(Self-fertile)

Pear (Pyrus)

Golden Spice

Golden Spice

Ripens: September

Zone 3

A very hardy pear. The 1.75" fruits are a medium yellow, lightly blushed with dull red and ripen mid-season. Good for canning and spicing, fair for eating.

Most pears are sterile, better with two varieties.

Ure

Ure

Ripens: Mid August

Zone 3

Fruit is green-yellow, very juicy and approximately 2" in diameter. Has sturdy branching. Good for eating and canning. Developed in 1978 at the Morden Research Station in Canada. Approximate ripening date is August 15th. Use Golden Spice as a pollinator.

PLUM (Prunus)

Mount Royal

Mount Royal

Ripens: Late August

Fruit Type: Freestone
Zone 3

Blue - European Plum. Good eaten off tree. Excellent fordessert, jam and preserves. Tender, juicy flesh. Considered the best blue cultivar in Wisconsin and Minnesota.

Most plums are sterile, use Toka or American plum for pollinator

Pembina Plum

Pembina Plum

Ripens: Late August

Fruit Type: Clingstone
Zone 3

Red - Good dessert plum. Yellow flesh, sweet and juicy. Large size, pointed fruit. Height 10-15'.

Superior Plum

Superior Plum

Ripens: Late August

Fruit Type: Clingstone
Zone 4

Red - Large fruit with dark red skin. One of the best plums on the market. Good for fresh eating, jam, and jelly. Flesh is yellow, sweet and juicy. Heavy bearing. Often sets fruit the first year. Use Toka plum for pollination. Released by University of Minnesota.

Toka Plum

Toka Plum

Ripens: Mid August

Fruit Type: Clingstone
Zone 3

Red - One of the best pollinators. A medium sized, richly flavored variety with beautiful apricot color. A South Dakota Experiment Station introduction.

CHERRY PLUM (Prunus)

Compass

Compass

Ripens: July 28

Fruit Type: Freestone
Zone 3

Excellent for jams, jellies, canning and sauces. Early bearing cross that yields fruit the second year after planting. Height 3-8'. Good pollinator for other varieties.

Self-sterile. Need two cherry plum varieties to pollinate.

Red Diamond

Ripens: July 30

Fruit Type: Freestone
Zone 3

Red-purple dwarf cherry plum from Minnesota that is hardy and resistant to disease and insects. Deep red flesh is thick sweet and smooth textured. Height. 3-8'. A Bailey Nursery introduction.

Other fruits

BLUEBERRY (Vaccinium)

Northblue

Northblue

Zone 4

Plants are short statured, growing to 20-30" in height. Fruit is Dark, large and attractive with a good blueberry flavor and a pleasing sugar to acid ratio. Glossy, dark green leaves turning to a deep bright red in fall. A good plant for the home gardener with winter climates to Minneapolis - St. Paul. Makes an ideal shrub for the home landscape.

Red Diamond

Red Diamond

Zone 4

Fruit size is small, dark blue and has a wild berry flavor. Mature plants are 3-4 feet tall. This variety has limber branches which do not break under heavy snow loads and adapts well to the sub zero climate. Great for ornamental use. Low stature and spreading growth habit makes it an attractive landscape plant. Foliage is beautiful throughout the season.

Note:
Blueberries require an acid soil with the pH in the range of 4.5 to 5.5 for best results. Because of their shallow, fibrous roots systems, blueberries require a soil that is uniformly moist, and well-drained. Heavy poorly drained soils should be avoided, unless properly \ amended with generous amounts of organic material and peat moss. Blueberries are attractive both while in flowering and fruiting stages The brilliant fall colors range from orange to red.

Self-fertile- but better results with two varieties.

CURRANTS (Ribes)

Consort Black

Consort Black

Zone 3

Black fruits with strong flavor and borne in clusters. Immune to White pine blister rust and Powdery mildew. A moderate grower to 4-6 x 4 ft. Developed n 1952 in Canada. Ripens in July-August.

Self-fruitful

Red Lake

Red Lake

Zone 3

Clusters of large bright red berries borne on 2-3 year old wood. Semi-erect and vigorous. Very productive. Fruits are good for jams and jellies. Introduced by The University of Minnesota in 1933 (Height 3-6')

GRAPES (Vitis)

Frontenac

Frontenac

Zone 4

A red wine grape developed by the University of MN fruit breeding program. Hardy to -30 below zero, and\produces a very good quality juice for wine making. A vigorous grower with good disease resistance to downy and powdery mildew.

Kay Gray

Kay Gray

Zone 4

A fine hardy white grape suited for table use and wine making. Medium to large berries are produced in small clusters on very productive vines. Matures in Minnesota the first week in September.

Valiant

Valiant

Zone 3

A blue grape, attractive, well filled, average 4 inches in length. Vine productive, annual bearer. Berries are round, up to ½" in diameter. Free of astringency, skin does not adhere to flesh. Most appropriate for the Dakotas and points further west.

Worden

Worden

Zone 4

A blue-black sweet grape from New York. Similar to Concord, which is good for eating, with medium to large clusters. Ripens about two weeks earlier maturing better than Concord and is hardier as well.

RASPBERRY (Rubus)

Souris

Souris

Zone 3

An introduction from the Morden Station in Canada. Souris is an improved red, summer-bearing raspberry. compared to the old standard, Boyne. Souris is slightly sweeter, more productive and has better spider mite resistance.

RHUBARB (Rheum)

Chipmans Canada Red

Chipmans Canada Red

Zone 3

Bright red stems are delicious for sauces and pies. One of sweetest of the red rhubarb. Perennial